Ukrainians go to church more often but pray less
Such data was shown by the World Values Survey conducted by Info Sapiens and the social monitoring center with the support of the Ukrainian Cultural Foundation and European partners, the BBC informs.
World Values Research is a long-term project that was launched in 1981 at the University of Michigan.
The study covers 120 countries. Ukraine joined it in 1999.
The sixth wave of research in Ukraine was conducted in December 2011, and the seventh - in July-August 2020.
During this time, Ukraine lost a significant part of its territory and 6.5 million people, which, according to sociologists, could also affect the result.
Sociologists surveyed 1,289 people, with a maximum margin of error of 2.7%.
Over the past decade, fewer people have begun to consider God important in their lives - 56% instead of 64%.
At the same time, Ukrainians began to pray less, but to go to church - more.
The authors of the study suggest that the level of spirituality among Ukrainians has probably decreased.
In 2011, 42% of respondents prayed at least several times a week, and now 38% do.
Church sociology: half of Ukrainians consider themselves to be part of the Orthodox Church of Ukraine, however, 33.5% now go to church for service at least once a month, and previously there were only 24% of them.
The number of people who believe that children should be brought up religiously has also decreased - from 22% to 15%.
However, fewer people now want to raise independence in children - 35%, as opposed to 43% before.
Researchers are surprised that in recent years, despite the war and the economic crisis, Ukrainians in their answers sometimes look more optimistic than before.
The share of happy people, according to sociologists, increased from 68% to 78%.
Significantly more Ukrainians said that they have a better self - assessment of Health - previously 37% answered positively, and now-45%.
The share of those dissatisfied with the financial situation also decreased from 48% to 39%.
Fewer drunk people can also be found on the streets in Ukraine. If ten years ago, 51% of respondents often met people drinking alcohol on the street, now there are 39% of them.
However, alcohol was somewhat replaced by drugs - the share of people alarmed by drug trafficking on the street increased from 10% to 13.5%.
Over the past challenging decade for Ukraine, Ukrainians have become a little more tolerant.
These indicators were determined by questions about whether people were opposed to living together with certain groups of the population.
36% do not want to cohabitate with people with HIV, and previously there were 52% of them.
Quite interesting answers were given to questions about homosexuals.
In 2011, 62% of respondents would not like to live next to such people, and now - only 44.8%.
In addition, the number of responses that abortion may be justified increased from 15% to 21%.
Now 27% of Ukrainians do not want to live near immigrants, and previously there were only 19% of them.
Gender perspectives have also changed somewhat.
Significantly more Ukrainians disagree with the statement that men are better political leaders than women. Previously, 48% disagreed with the advantage of men, and now 55%.
Views on girls' education have become more traditional, though.
The level of agreement with the statement that university education is more important for boys than for girls has increased from 18% to 25%.
It can be assumed that the election campaigns of recent years have aroused confidence among the citizens of Ukraine.
They began to believe that counting votes honestly is real for Ukraine.
If in 2011 only 30% of Ukrainians believed that votes in elections are considered fair, now the majority is already 55%.
The fighting has also led to an increase in confidence in the Armed Forces in Ukraine.