European political scientists and theologians condemn "Christian nationalism" and "Russian world" ideology
Some leading political scientists, sociologists, philosophers and theologians across Europe discussed the issue of populism, especially from the perspective of the instrumentalisation of religion.
On April 4, the Professor in Ecclesiology, International Relations and Ecumenism at the University College Stockholm Archimandrite Cyril Hovorun delivered a public keynote lecture at the University's St Mary Church. It was dedicated to the evolution of the Orthodox political theology. Prof Hovorun explained how the ongoing war in Ukraine is rooted in some trends of the Eastern Christian political thinking. The lecture was live-streamed and followed by a panel discussion.
The conference provided an opportunity to publish a Declaration titled "A statement of solidarity with the Orthodox declaration on the “Russian World” (russkii mir) teaching, and against Christian Nationalism and New Totalitarianism."
Its rationale is to support and broaden the scope of the earlier declaration drafted and published by the Orthodox theologians on the Sunday of Orthodoxy, 13 March 2022. The Oxford declaration of solidarity denounces both “Christian Nationalism” and its instance, the “Russian World”.
It calls Christian scholars to reject "unholy alliances of Christianity and political power, and especially in the context of nationalism, populism, and new forms of totalitarianism." Some prominent theologians responded to the call and signed it, including Jürgen Moltmann, Miroslav Volf, Jose Casanova, Thomáš Halík, Katharina Kunter, Marietta van der Tol, and others.
A statement of solidarity with the Orthodox declaration on the “Russian World” (russkii mir) teaching, and against Christian Nationalism and New Totalitarianism
Following the invasion of Ukraine by the Russian Federation in February 2022, Orthodox voices have thoroughly rebutted the use of the “Russian World” (russkii mir) teaching, which claims that there is an organically unified transnational orthodox Christian Russian civilization that includes the territories and people of Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and sometimes other nations, to justify the current war. This statement seeks a) to facilitate support from among non-Orthodox Christian scholars for the rejection of the “russkii mir” teaching; b) to reject unholy alliances between Christian identity and political power which have also emerged in the context of Christian Nationalism; and c) to call for the development of an ecumenical “Theology after Christendom”. We invite support from Christian scholars and clergy, and are open to those who do not share the Christian language of this statement, but who share its purpose.
“There is no Holy One like the Lord,From Hannah’s Prayer, 1 Samuel 2
no one besides you;
there is no Rock like our God.
Talk no more so very proudly,
Let not arrogance come from your mouth;
For the Lord is a God of knowledge,
And by him actions are weighed”
We recognise that Christian traditions historically ascribe holiness to God alone. Neither nation or state, nor any political community can legitimately claim intrinsic holiness.
Christian identity is not singularly, exclusively, or supremely held by a nation, a race, or a civilisation. The integrity of the Christian witness is distorted where it is used to create separation between people and people, between race and race, between nation and nation, and between civilisation and civilisation.
We therefore stand against “Christian Nationalism”, “Christian Europe” and the “Russian World”
Russia and wider Europe have historically been home to a plurality of religious, ethnic, and linguistic communities. The integrity of the Christian witness is distorted by political aggression, the infliction of bodily harm, suffering, and disadvantage, or the denial of the rights and integrity of communities with whom we coexist – be it in name of Christian Nationalism or in name of the so-called Russian World (Holy Rus).
We remember that Christianity has often been slow to recognise the danger of its complicity in political violence
Christian identity has been misused against both Christians and non-Christians: in outbursts of sectarian violence, in the horrific persecution of Jewish and other minorities, and against the peoples of the world who Christian colonisers sought to forcibly convert. The integrity of the Christian witness is distorted by the use of aggression in matters of religion and by the use of religion in matters of aggression.
We call on other Christian scholars in Europe and beyond to speak out against unholy alliances between Christian identity and political power
Christian scholars must be ready and willing to speak out against unholy alliances of Christianity and political power, and especially in the context of nationalism, populism, and new forms of totalitarianism. The integrity of the Christian witness is distorted when the appropriation of Christian identity remains uncontested from within Christian traditions.
We laud the "Declaration on the “Russian World” (russkii mir) Teaching" from within parts of the international Orthodox community
The abuse of the Russian World teaching has been thoroughly rebutted as non-Orthodox by international Orthodox voices. Orthodox theologians have not hesitated to condemn the fratricidal war against Ukraine as “the repetition of the sin of Cain”. The integrity of the Christian witness is honoured by Christian solidarity with those who speak truth to power.
We call for the development of an ecumenical “Theology after Christendom”
Drawing upon Scripture, reason, and the rich traditions of the Christian churches around the world, 21st-century Christianity needs to nourish its reflection on theology and political thought, specifically investing in an ecumenical “Theology after Christendom”. Orthodox, Catholic and Protestant scholars must support one another in resisting the sacralisation of political communities, and in offering resources to articulate a theology committed to the common good, to truthfulness, and to justice.